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Disparity of Physicians' Utilization of Tobacco Treatment Services

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Abstract:

Objectives: To evaluate the familiarity with and utilization of tobacco treatment resources among physicians. Methods: The NJ State Physician Census was mailed to 30,639 physicians with 8150 responding (26.6%). Data from 4598 direct patient-care physicians were analyzed. Results: Pulmonologists, cardiologists, and family physicians had the highest levels of familiarity and referral, whereas psychiatrists, neurologists, ophthalmologists, and surgeons had the lowest. Physicians who were younger, female, who had more teaching hours, and who accepted fewer new patients all had higher familiarity. Conclusions: Familiarity with tobacco dependence treatment resources varies by physician characteristics. Increasing physicians' utilization of these resources is an important research priority.

Keywords: physician; smoking cessation; specialty; tobacco; utilization

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.30.4.4

Affiliations: 1: University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey School of Public Health (UMDNJ-SPH), Tobacco Dependence Program, New Brunswick, NJ 2: Rutgers Center for State Health Policy, New Brunswick, NJ 3: UMDNJ-SPH, New Brunswick, NJ

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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