Is Smoking Related to Body Image Satisfaction, Stress, and Self-esteem in Young Adults?
Abstract:Objectives: To examine the association of smoking and gender with body image satisfaction, perceived stress, and self-esteem in young adults. Methods: Respondents completed a survey consisting of Perceived Stress Scale, Body-Areas Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Current smokers (n = 483) and never smokers (n = 973) are included. Results: Smoking and female gender were independently associated with higher perceived stress (P < 0.001). Female gender was associated with lower body image satisfaction and lower self-esteem (P < 0.001). Current smoking was associated with lower self-esteem (P = 0.007). Conclusion: Smoking treatment should include stress management and self-esteem and body image improvement.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Nicotine Dependence Program, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 2: Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 3: Division of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 4: Section of Patient Education, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 5: Department of Psychology, Winona State University, Winona, MN 6: Department of Psychology, Minnesota State University, Mankato, MN
Publication date: May 1, 2006
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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