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Age of Smoking Onset as a Predictor of Smoking Cessation During Pregnancy

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Objective: To assess age of smoking onset as a predictor of smoking cessation during pregnancy. Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional data for 35,687 women 15-34 years old from the 2000 and 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Results: Pregnant women (1805) were twice as likely to abstain as nonpregnant women (47.7% vs 23.3%). Initiation of smoking at >15 years old was associated with increased likelihood of 30-day abstinence during pregnancy (OR=1.75) after adjusting for confounders. Conclusions: The earlier a woman starts smoking, the more likely it is that she will smoke during pregnancy, underscoring the need for early prevention to protect mothers and the fetuses.

Keywords: pregnant women; smoking cessation; smoking initiation

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Prevention Research Center, The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics / Children's Hospital of Michigan, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI

Publication date: May 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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