Heterogeneity in the Smoking Behavior of African American Women

Authors: King, Gary1; Polednak, Anthony2; Fagan, Pebbles3; Gilreath, Tamika4; Humphrey, Ellen1; Fernander, Anita5; Bendel, Robert6; Noubary, Farzad1

Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 30, Number 3, May 2006 , pp. 237-246(10)

Publisher: PNG Publications

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Objective: To assess the association between sociodemographic variables and smoking behavior patterns of African American women. Methods: Six years of data (N=14,903) from the National Health Interview Surveys were analyzed using multiple logistic regression. Results: African American women in the South were more likely to never smoke and to start smoking later than women in the Northeast. Positive smoking outcomes (never smoking, initiating smoking at later ages, and quitting) were associated with higher education, higher income, and being married. Conclusions: Variations among African American women suggest the need for targeting specific subgroups at greater risks to reduce disparities in smoking and smoking-related diseases.

Keywords: African American/Black women; cessation; initiation; smoking

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.30.3.2

Affiliations: 1: The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 2: Niversity of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 3: National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 4: Ellen Humphrey, Graduate Student, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 5: University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 6: Washington State University, Spokane, WA

Publication date: May 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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