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A Theory-based Reproductive Health and Diabetes Instrument

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Objectives: To determine psychometric properties of scales within the theoretically based Reproductive Health Attitudes and Behavior (RHAB) instrument for examining preconception planning of young women with diabetes. Scales represented constructs from 3 social cognition models that can influence reproductive health behavior. Methods: Psychometrics were examined on data from a telephone interview on this 48-item instrument using a sample of 87 female adolescents with diabetes from 4 medical centers. Results: Overall, the major factors (scales) clustered according to theoretical underpinning. Most Cronbach alphas were moderate (.60-.83). Conclusions: RHAB appears to have acceptable levels of validity/reliability for use with female adolescents with diabetes.

Keywords: adolescent; birth control and preconception counseling; diabetes; psychometrics; social cognitive model

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Center for Research and Evaluation, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 2: Health Promotion and Development, School of Nursing, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. 3: Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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