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HIV/AIDS Risks among South African Men Who Report Sexually Assaulting Women

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Objective: To examine HIV risks among South African men who report having been sexually assaultive. Methods: Men (N = 412) in Cape Town completed anonymous surveys. Results: Twenty-three percent reported a history of sexual assault. Men who had been sexually assaultive were younger, reported more sex partners, were more likely to have a history of genital ulcers, and more likely to have exchanged money for sex. Sexually assaultive men were also more likely to endorse rape myths. Conclusions: Interventions that target men as the agents of change in reducing sexual assaults and HIV transmission are urgently needed.

Keywords: HIV AIDS prevention; Heterosexual men; South Africa; gender

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Behavioural and Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa. 2: Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 3: Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa.

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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