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Predictors of Intervention Adherence Among Young People Living With HIV

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Objective: To examine adherence to a 23-session intervention for young people living with HIV. Methods: Two hundred eight HIV-positive youth were assigned by small cohort to a behavioral intervention. Results: Youth with more personal strengths were more likely to attend the intervention; those with more competing environmental demands (eg, employment, school) were less likely to attend the intervention. Using a social support, spiritual hope, or self-destructive and escape coping style was associated with attendance. Youth who reported many sexual partners attended fewer sessions. Adherence varied by cohort assignment. Conclusion: When designing future interventions, high attendance should be considered as a goal.

Keywords: HIV; adherence; intervention; youth living with HIV

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Statistics, Korea University, Seoul, Korea. 2: Department of International Health, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. 3: Department of Psychiatry; Center for Community Health 4: Center for Community Health, University of California, Los Angeles, CA.

Publication date: March 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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