Media and Secondhand Smoke Exposure: Results From a National Survey

Authors: Douglas Evans, W.1; Crankshaw, Erik2; Nimsch, Christian2; Morgan-Lopez, Antonio2; Farrelly, Matthew C.2; Allen, Jane1

Source: American Journal of Health Behavior, Volume 30, Number 1, January 2006 , pp. 62-71(10)

Publisher: PNG Publications

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Objectives: To investigate whether associations between anti-secondhand smoke (SHS) media, social cognitions about SHS, and home restrictions on smoking follow patterns observed in smoking behavior. Methods: Based on a nationally representative sample of 2348 US adults drawn from the American Legacy Foundation's American Smoking and Health Survey, we tested relationships among scales of anti-SHS media, social cognitions, and home restrictions. Results: We found anti-SHS media and SHS cognitions, as well as social cognitions and home restrictions, to be significantly associated. Social cognitions mediated the relationship between anti-SHS media and home restrictions. Conclusions: Previously observed relationships between media, social cognitions, and smoking also exist for SHS. Anti-SHS media campaigns to increase home restrictions may help to reduce SHS exposure.

Keywords: home restrictions; media; secondhand smoke; social cognition

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: American Legacy Foundation, Washington, DC. 2: RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC.

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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