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Development of a Social Will for Tobacco Control Index

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Objective: To design a valid and reliable questionnaire to assess community support for controlling tobacco. Methods: Four samples were obtained to test the psychometric properties of the Social Will for Tobacco Control Instrument. Results: Principal components analysis found 2 factors accounted for 42.8% (personal support) and 9.7% (agency support) of the variance, respectively. Sensitivity was 93.7%, specificity was 90.6%, and validity was 92.3%. The instrument predicted, within 1%, the actual vote regarding a local clean indoor air ordinance. Stability reliability was .84 and .77 respectively for the 2 factors. Conclusion: The SWTCI can help policy makers predict whether communities are supportive of clean indoor air ordinances.

Keywords: clean indoor air ordinances; community assessment; instrument development; tobacco control

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.30.1.2

Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH. 2: Department of Health Education, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI.

Publication date: January 1, 2006

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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