A Structural Model of the Substance Use Pathways Among Minority Youth
Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the substance use pathways of minority adolescents with a structural equation modeling (SEM) based on the social ecological model. Method: Seven hundred ninety adolescents completed the baseline survey questionnaire for the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention's Mentoring and Family Strengthening Initiative. The exogenous variables were family supervision, family involvement, and social support, whereas self-control, school connectedness, and substance use served as the endogenous variables. Results: The following significant direct effects were found: family involvement to self-control; self-control and social support to school connectedness; school connectedness to substance use. Conclusions: These findings provide empirical evidence that family protective factors can significantly influence adolescents' substance use and should be adopted into substance use prevention interventions.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Public and Community Health, University of Maryland, College Park, MD. 2: The McFarland Institute, Silver Spring, MD. 3: Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, CSAP, Rockville MD.
Publication date: November 1, 2005
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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