Developmental History of the Glover-Nilsson Smoking Behavioral Questionnaire

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Objective: To develop a simple, easily administered pencil-and-paper questionnaire to determine the degree to which behavioral patterns play a role in smoking dependence. Methods: A modified Delphi technique was used to identify initial questions and to eliminate obvious duplications. Phase 2 utilized multiple statistical methods (principal components analysis, cluster analysis, stepwise multiple linear regression, cross tables, Mantel-Haenzel c2-test, and a Gamma test) to evaluate and reduce the number of questions from 18. Results: These analyses yielded an 11-item questionnaire that can potentially assess behavioral dependence. Conclusion: It is hoped that the GN-SBQ will assist physicians, health care providers, and tobacco interventionists in identifying aspects of smoking addiction that are behavioral in nature. The need for future research is discussed.

Keywords: behavioral questionnaire; smoking; smoking cessation; tobacco

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Public and Community Health, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 2: Pfizer Consumer Healthcare, Helsinborg, Sweden 3: School of Family & Consumer Sciences, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 4: Department of Statistics, Univesity of Lund, Lund, Sweden

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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