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Family Cohesion and Conflict in an American Indian Community

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Objective: To assess the feasibility of using a portion of the Family Environment Scale (FES) with American Indian families and to describe the mean family profile exhibited by one Native community. Methods: The cohesion, expressiveness, conflict and active-recreational orientation subscales of the FES were administered to 130 adults, representing 65 families. Results: Mean responses reveal a pattern of average levels of cohesion and expressiveness, concurrent with high levels of family conflict. Conclusions: Outcomes illustrate the feasibility and utility of this scale in assessing and guiding health promotion services within Native communities. Results suggest Native families have a distinctive family profile.
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Keywords: American Indian; FES scale; family; social environment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Mel and Enid Zuckerman Arizona College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 2: Tribal Health Department, Peach Springs, AZ 3: Tribal Training Center, Peach Springs, AZ

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

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