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Effects of a Controlled Family-based Health Education/Counseling Intervention

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Abstract:

Objective: To describe the effects of a controlled family-based health education/counseling intervention on health behaviors of children with a familial history of cardiovascular diseases (FH-CVDs). Methods: The intervention group (IG, n=432) received 5 counseling sessions. The control groups 1 (CG1, n=200) and 2 (CG2, n=423) received no counseling. Outcome measures comprised changes in diet, exercise, and cigarette smoking. Results: The changes in the use of fats and salt, and in exercise, were more favorable in IG than in CG1 and/or CG2. Conclusion: Health education/counseling produced positive effects on diet and nutrition in particular and in part in exercise.

Keywords: adolescent; child; early intervention; health behaviors; primary prevention

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.29.5.2

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland and Härkätie Health Center, Lieto, Finland 2: Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland 3: Department of Teacher Education, and Institute of Biomedicine, Center for Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland 4: Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland and Unit of Family Medicine, Turku University Hospital, and Satakunta Central Hospital, Pori, Finland

Publication date: September 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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