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Predictors of Leisure-time Physical Activity Among African American Women

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Objectives: To examine the extent to which social support and self-efficacy were related to the duration of leisure-time physical activity in a sample of African American women. Methods: Two hundred forty African American women completed a 45-item questionnaire at community health centers and churches. Results: Mean weekly physical activity was found to be 88 minutes. Self-efficacy (P≤0.01) and frequency of social support from friends (P≤0.01) were found to be significant predictors for physical activity and accounted for 23.7% of the variance. Conclusions: Physical activity interventions for Black women must build on the constructs of self-efficacy and friends' social support.

Keywords: Black; exercise; minority; self-efficacy; social support

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Health Promotion and Education, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 2: West Sacramento, CA 3: Public Health Education, School of HPER, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE

Publication date: July 1, 2005

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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