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Caregiver Predictors of Adolescent Inhalant Abuse in Rural Appalachia

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Objective: To explore caregiver correlates of adolescent inhalant abuse. Methods: Youth were surveyed about inhalant use. Caregivers were surveyed about demographics, behaviors, family environment, perceptions of parent/ adolescent interaction, coping strategies, caregiver monitoring of youth and self-reported substance use. Multiple logistic regression with backward elimination was used. Result: Of the 218 dyads recruited, 94% of the youth inhalant and inhalant non-users were correctly classified using a model constructed from independent variables. Conclusion: We believe that parent-based educational training services should be studied that provide information about inhalant abuse and encourage open communication, adaptive coping, and adequate monitoring skills.
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Keywords: adolescent; caregiver; inhalant abuse; monitoring; parents; solvents

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Community Medicine, West Virginia University, School of Medicine, Morgantown WV 2: Bridgeport Hospital, Yale-New Haven Health, Bridgeport, CT 3: Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, School of Medicine, Morgantown WV 4: Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 5: General Pediatrics, Baystate Medical Campus, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, MA

Publication date: 2005-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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