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Scale Development for Perceived School Climate for Girls' Physical Activity

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Objectives: To test an original scale assessing perceived school climate for girls' physical activity in middle school girls. Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). Results: CFA retained 5 of 14 original items. A model with 2 correlated factors, perceptions about teachers' and boys' behaviors, respectively, fit the data well in both sixth and eighth graders. SEM detected a positive, significant direct association of the teacher factor, but not the boy factor, with girls' self-reported physical activity. Conclusions: School climate for girls' physical activity is a measurable construct, and preliminary evidence suggests a relationship with physical activity.

Keywords: adolescents; exercise; physical activity; school

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Public Health, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 2: Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 3: Department of Kinesiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 4: University of Georgia, Department of Exercise Science, Athens, GA 5: Department of Public and Community Health, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD 6: Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 7: Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 8: Department of Exercise Science, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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