Evaluation of an Intervention for Hospitalized African American Smokers
Abstract:Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a smoking cessation intervention based on the transtheoretical model of change with a sample of low-income African American smokers admitted to an indigent-care hospital. Methods: The intervention incorporated components shown to be effective in increasing cessation in other populations, tailored to a bedside counseling format with follow-up contact postdischarge. Results: Intervention patients were significantly more likely to advance in stage than were control patients. Conclusion: A hospital-offered bedside intervention offers promise in reaching underserved smokers with effective, though limited, cessation assistance.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Behavior, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 2: University of Pittsburgh, Office of Child Development, Pittsburgh, PA 3: Taylor Internal Medicine, Selma, AL
Publication date: May 1, 2005
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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