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Evaluation of an Intervention for Hospitalized African American Smokers

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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a smoking cessation intervention based on the transtheoretical model of change with a sample of low-income African American smokers admitted to an indigent-care hospital. Methods: The intervention incorporated components shown to be effective in increasing cessation in other populations, tailored to a bedside counseling format with follow-up contact postdischarge. Results: Intervention patients were significantly more likely to advance in stage than were control patients. Conclusion: A hospital-offered bedside intervention offers promise in reaching underserved smokers with effective, though limited, cessation assistance.

Keywords: African American; in-patient; intervention; smoking; transtheoretical model of change

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Behavior, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 2: University of Pittsburgh, Office of Child Development, Pittsburgh, PA 3: Taylor Internal Medicine, Selma, AL

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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