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Physical Activity, Physical Function, and Stages of Change in Older Adults

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Objective: To characterize physical activity and physical function by stage of change and age in older adults. Methods: One thousand two hundred thirty-four individuals completed The Yale physical activity survey (YPAS), stage of change for exercise, and the Up-and-Go physical function test. Results: Most subjects were in the maintenance (50.4%) or precontemplation stages (21/0%). YPAS scores were higher and Upand-Go scores were lower as exercise stage increased. Physical activity and physical function scores were lower in older age groups. Conclusion: Higher stages were positively associated with physical activity and physical function. Age was a significant moderator variable affecting stage, physical activity, and physical function.

Keywords: aging; exercise; functional ability; leisure activity; transtheoretical model

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 2: Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 3: Cancer Prevention Research Center, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 4: Program of Gerontology, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI 5: Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 6: Nursing, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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