The Social Context of Childhood Injury in Canada: Integration of the NLSCY Findings

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Abstract:

Objective: To integrate findings from cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of the relationships between childhood injury, child behavior, parenting, family functioning and neighborhood characteristics. Method: Logistic modeling of cross-sectional (n=12,666) and longitudinal (n=9796) data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Results: Consistent correlates of childhood injury across designs included child's age, gender, difficult temperament, aggressive behavior, positive parenting, neighbors' cohesion, neighborhood problems, and socio-economic disadvantage. Conclusion: Contextual influences on childhood injury vary by child's age, temperament and behavior. In early childhood, neighborhood processes of cohesion show protective effects. For older children, neighborhood disadvantage dominates the risk of injuries.

Keywords: child behavior; childhood injury; family functioning; neighborhood disadvantage; parenting

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Health Care & Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, British Columbia Injury Research and Prevention Unit, Centre for Community Child Health, Quebec, Canada.

Publication date: April 1, 2004

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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