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Violence Prevention Among African American Adolescent Males

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Objective: To test psychosocial mediators of the effects of an intervention in reducing the rate of growth of violence among adolescents. Method: Five hundred and seventy-one African American adolescent males participated in this randomized trial. Multilevel modeling techniques were used to ascertain both intervention and mediated effects. Results: Intervention significantly reduced rate of growth of violence and 5 social and psychological factors in the treatment group relative to the control group. Four of these social and psychological factors were found to be complete mediators between the intervention and its preventive effects. Conclusion: Changing psychological mediating variables is central to reducing youth violence.
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Keywords: African American youth; mediating variables; mediation mechanism; violence reduction

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago, IL. 2: Health Research and Policy Centers (HRPC), University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL.

Publication date: 2004-04-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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