Smoking-related Correlates of Depressive Symptoms in Low-Income Pregnant Women

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Objectives: To investigate smoking-related correlates of depressive symptomatology in low-income pregnant women. Methods: A cross- sectional survey of 245 pregnant women who smoked prior to pregnancy. Results: Women who had lower self-efficacy for maintaining abstinence both in positive affect/ social situations and when experiencing negative affect demonstrated greater depressive symptomatology. Additionally, marijuana use, nicotine dependence, and general confidence in one's ability to quit smoking showed a positive relationship to depression. Conclusions: Several modifiable factors that can be targeted through behavioral and cognitive behavioral intervention strategies appear to influence the relationship between depression and smoking in low-income pregnant women.

Keywords: depression; nicotine dependence; pregnancy; self-efficacy; smoking

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Nicotine Research Center, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 2: The University of Memphis Center for Community Health, Memphis, TN 3: Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham AL

Publication date: November 1, 2004

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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