Impact of an Immunization Education Program on Middle School Adolescents

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Objectives: To raise middle school student awareness, attitudes, and proactive behaviors about immunization, and to increase immunization rates among middle school students through implementation of a comprehensive integrated immunization promotion curriculum (Immunization Plus!) Methods: Evaluation used a quasi-experimental non-equivalent comparison- groups design conducted in a sample of 40 classrooms in 22 schools in California. Results: Sixth-grade students exposed to the curriculum developed more positive knowledge and attitudes, and were more likely to be immunized, to intend to obtain newly required immunizations, and to tell parents about immunizations. Conclusion: Infectious disease control and immunizations are under-developed subject areas within school-based health promotion in the United States that can be effectively taught to middle school students.

Keywords: adolescents; curriculum development; immunizations; impact assessment; infectious diseases

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA 2: Department of Clinical Analysis/ Utilization Outcome Analysis, Kaiser Permanente South, Pasadena, CA 3: Watts HealthCare Corporation, Los Angeles, CA 4: UCLA School of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 5: Director of Health Information Education and Communication, California Department of Health Services, Immunization Branch, Berkeley CA

Publication date: November 1, 2004

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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