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Prevalence of CVD Risk Factors Among Adults with Diabetes by Mental Distress Status

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Objective: To determine whether mental distress among diabetic persons is associated with various CVD risk factors. Methods: Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System, an ongoing, statebased, random-digit-dialed telephone survey of the noninstitutionalized US adult population. Results: Diabetic persons with mental distress were more likely than those without mental distress to smoke to have hypercholesterolemia and hypertension and not to engage in leisure-time physical activity. Conclusions: Mental health professionals need to be involved in the care of diabetic persons so they can recognize and treat symptoms of mental distress and participate in research to identify interventions that can reduce mental distress and reinforce healthy behaviors.

Keywords: cardiovascular disease; diabetes; mental health

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Division of Adult and Community Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. 2: Division of Diabetes Translation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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