Validity of the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test
Abstract:Objective: To determine the construct validity and utility of the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT). Methods: One-hundred-seventy undergraduate students at a mid-Atlantic university completed the BMI-SMT, the Gardner 2-figure Silhouette Matching Test and were measured for height and weight. Results: Validity coefficients using Pearson r correlations ranged from 0.69 to 0.84 for comparisons between BMI values for the BMI-SMT, and the GSMT and actual BMI measures. Coefficients for weight values produced r-values ranging from 0.59 to 0.84. Analysis of the BMI-SMT ability to accurately assess weight classification indicated a tendency toward overestimation. Conclusion: The BMI-SMT is a valid measure of body image perceptions and estimates of weight and BMI.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of Delaware, Newark, DE.
Publication date: September 1, 2004
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
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