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Validity of the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test

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Objective: To determine the construct validity and utility of the Body Mass Index Silhouette Matching Test (BMI-SMT). Methods: One-hundred-seventy undergraduate students at a mid-Atlantic university completed the BMI-SMT, the Gardner 2-figure Silhouette Matching Test and were measured for height and weight. Results: Validity coefficients using Pearson r correlations ranged from 0.69 to 0.84 for comparisons between BMI values for the BMI-SMT, and the GSMT and actual BMI measures. Coefficients for weight values produced r-values ranging from 0.59 to 0.84. Analysis of the BMI-SMT ability to accurately assess weight classification indicated a tendency toward overestimation. Conclusion: The BMI-SMT is a valid measure of body image perceptions and estimates of weight and BMI.

Keywords: Body Mass index; Silhouette test; assessment; body image; perceptions

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: University of Delaware, Newark, DE.

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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