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Comparison of Social Variables for Understanding Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls

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Objective: To evaluate social support and theory of planned behavior (TPB) constructs in explaining physical activity in adolescent girls. Methods: One thousand seven hundred ninety-seven 8th-grade girls completed a survey measuring social provisions, family support, TPB constructs, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and team sport involvement (TSI). Results: Structural equation modeling (SEM) indicated statistically significant direct effects from TPB constructs and social provisions to intention; social provisions, family support, and intention to MVPA; and social provisions and family support to TSI. Conclusions: Social variables play a greater role in explaining TSI than in explaining MVPA in this sample.

Keywords: MVPA; family support; social provisions; sport team involvement; theory of planned behavior

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 2: Department of Kinesiology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. 3: Department of Exercise Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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