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Efficacy of Computer-based HIV/AIDS Education for Injection Drug Users

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Objective: To compare computer-delivered to therapist-delivered HIV/AIDS education among opioid-dependent, injection drug-users (IDUs).

Methods: We randomly assigned IDUs to receive either computer-based or counselor-delivered HIV/AIDS education.

Results: Participants who received the computer-based intervention learned significantly more information about HIV prevention, retained significantly more information at a 3-month follow-up, liked the teaching medium significantly more, and requested additional information about HIV/AIDS at the end of the intervention with greater frequency than did the comparison group. Individuals in both conditions reported significant reductions in HIV risk behavior.

Conclusions: Results demonstrated that computer-delivered HIV/AIDS education may provide an innovative and efficacious intervention for IDUs.
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Keywords: HIV/AIDS; prevention; substance abuse; technology

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Vermont, Department of Psychiatry, Bington, VT.

Publication date: 2004-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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