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Risk Factors for Osteoporosis Among Middle-Aged Women

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Objective: To investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis among a sample of middle-aged women. Methods: Adipose tissue and bone mineral density levels at the left femur, lumbar spine, and total body were assessed using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Subjects (n=342) were surveyed regarding a variety of osteoporosis-related risk factors. Forward stepwise multiple regression procedures were utilized. Results: Menstrual status, hormone replacement therapy, adipose tissue, and dairy product intake were retained in the regression models. Conclusions: Osteoporosis prevention programs need to emphasize the importance of hormonal status and body composition in addition to obtaining adequate calcium intake.
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Keywords: bone mineral density; dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; osteoporosis; risk factors

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Health Science, Kinesiology, Recreation and Dance, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 2: Department of Family Medicine, The University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, TN

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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