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Obesity Treatment: Broadening Our Perspective

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Objective: To selectively review the dietary literature to broaden perspectives on energy restriction as the primary determinant of successful obesity treatment. Methods: Forty-five articles describing novel dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes that may impact obesity treatment are examined. Results: Two areas of promising research were identified: (a) Dietary behaviors and patterns — eating frequency, meal timing, specific dietary pattern and (b) Nutritional factors - fat, fiber, glycemic load, carbohydrate. Conclusions: Caloric restriction leads to weight loss. However, promotion of dietary behaviors that focus primarily on cutting calories needs evaluation. There may be many dietary behaviors and patterns that promote weight loss and maintenance, making it essential to consider new nutritional approaches for obesity treatment.

Keywords: dietary behaviors; obesity; weight management

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Program for Nutrition Intervention, Division of Nutrition/Dietetics, School of Family and Consumer Sciences, The University of Akron, Akron, OH. 2: School of Nursing, Kent State University, Kent, OH. 3: Division of Nutrition/Dietetics, School of Family and Consumer Sciences, The University of Akron, Akron, OH. 4: Family Practice Clinical Research Center, Summa Health System, Akron, OH and Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Family Medicine, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, Rootstown, OH.

Publication date: May 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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