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Condom Use Among Low-Income African American Males Attending an STD Clinic

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Objective: To evaluate condom-use attitudes and behaviors among low-income, primarily African American, male patients seeking care at an urban sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic. Methods: Via face-to-face interviews, 224 males completed a theory-based questionnaire regarding condom use. Results: The results show that although respondents had obvious signs and symptoms of infection and that 65% were “repeaters” at the clinic, 66% of the sample reporting a main partner and 33% of those with other types of sexual partners were not motivationally ready to use condoms consistently. Conclusion: Based on their STD clinic attendance, these men obviously perceive themselves at risk for STDs, but appear to cope with this risk by choosing to engage in secondary rather than primary preventive behaviors.

Keywords: Prevention; STDs; condom use

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Behavior, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. 2: Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL. 3: Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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