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Better Practices for Youth Tobacco Cessation: Evidence of Review Panel

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Abstract:

Objectives: To offer programmers, policy makers, and researchers a scientific basis for developing and selecting smoking cessation treatments for adolescents. Methods: An evidence review panel systematically rated published and unpublished reports of cessation treatments for youth to make recommendations on theoretical foundations, delivery settings, types of intervention, and provider type. Results: Twenty studies had sufficient validity to inform the recommendations. The 9 studies that reported treatments that increased cessation were based on social cognitive theory. Conclusions: Cognitive-behavioral interventions are a promising approach for helping young smokers quit smoking. Evidence is insufficient to draw other conclusions at this time.

Keywords: adolescent smoking cessation research; smoking cessation; tobacco use

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Studies and Gerontology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 2: Department of Social and Behavioral Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX. 3: Tobacco Control Research Branch, Behavioral Research Program, Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD. 4: Epidemiology Branch, Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. 5: Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative, CCS/NCIC National Office, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Publication date: October 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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