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A Comparison of Review Methods in Tobacco Prevention and Control Guidelines

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Abstract:

Objectives: To compare methods and conclusions of selected guidelines evaluating youth tobacco interventions. Methods: Eight reviews were compared regarding (a) search and assessment of evidence, (b) translation into recommendations, and (c) conclusions regarding tobacco cessation among youth. Results: Narrative and systematic review methods were employed. Five systematic reviews adopted different (a) criteria for study inclusion, (b) methods estimating summary outcome measurements, and (c) standards for concluding on the evidence of effectiveness. Conclusions: Evidence reviews provide useful summaries, conclusions, and recommendations. Youth Tobacco Cessation: A Guide for Making Informed Decisions provides an inital systematic review of the evidence on effectiveness of youth tobacco use.

Keywords: evidence reviews; practice guidelines; public health practice; smoking cessation; tobacco-use cessation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Community Guide Branch, Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Portland OR. 2: Community Guide Branch, Division of Prevention Research and Analytic Methods, Epidemiology Program Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA.

Publication date: October 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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