Skip to main content

The Transtheoretical Model: Gender Differences Across 3 Health Behaviors

Buy Article:

$39.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Objective: To investigate gender differences in stage-of-change distribution, self-efficacy, and decisional balance, for 3 health behaviors. Methods: Five hundred fifty-four (males = 107; females = 447) low-income, predominantly African American, patients completed stage-of-change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance scales for smoking cessation, exercise adoption, and dietary fat reduction. Results: Males and females differ in stage of change for smoking and exercise, but not dietary fat intake. Conclusions: Gender-specific interventions may be needed to promote certain health behaviors but not others, and self-efficacy and decisional balance may be related differently to stage of change in low-income populations.

Keywords: dietary fat; exercise; gender differences; smoking; stage of change

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Piscataway, NJ. 2: Earl K. Long Hospital, Adult Psychology and Primary Care, Baton Rouge, LA. 3: Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Division of Primary Care, Baton Rouge, LA.

Publication date: November 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Review Board
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Partial Open Access Content
Partial Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more