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The Transtheoretical Model: Gender Differences Across 3 Health Behaviors

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Objective: To investigate gender differences in stage-of-change distribution, self-efficacy, and decisional balance, for 3 health behaviors. Methods: Five hundred fifty-four (males = 107; females = 447) low-income, predominantly African American, patients completed stage-of-change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance scales for smoking cessation, exercise adoption, and dietary fat reduction. Results: Males and females differ in stage of change for smoking and exercise, but not dietary fat intake. Conclusions: Gender-specific interventions may be needed to promote certain health behaviors but not others, and self-efficacy and decisional balance may be related differently to stage of change in low-income populations.
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Keywords: dietary fat; exercise; gender differences; smoking; stage of change

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Department of Psychiatry, Piscataway, NJ. 2: Earl K. Long Hospital, Adult Psychology and Primary Care, Baton Rouge, LA. 3: Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Division of Primary Care, Baton Rouge, LA.

Publication date: 2003-11-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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