Gender and Attitudes Toward Nutrition in Prospective Physicians

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Abstract:

Objectives: To examine gender differences in attitudes towards nutrition therapy within first- and fourth-year medical students. Methods: Participants (n=128) completed a computer self-administered questionnaire assessing attitudes towards nutrition therapy. Results: Analysis of covariance revealed that females report significantly more positive attitudes toward nutrition than males do, controlling for age. The magnitude of the difference was the same in beginning and graduating medical students. Conclusions: Gender differences in attitudes towards nutrition are not moderated by medical school socialization. Standardized nutrition education may be required to address disparities in knowledge, attitudes, and efficacy with regard to nutrition and preventive care measures.

Keywords: attitudes; gender; medical students; nutrition education; physicians

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.27.6.5

Affiliations: 1: College of Health Professions, University of Florida Department of Psychology, Gainesville, FL. 2: University of Florida Department of Psychology, Gainesville, FL.

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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