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Ethnicity and the Theory of Planned Behavior in the Exercise Domain

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Objective: To examine the moderating influence of ethnicity on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in the exercise domain and to generate common and ethnic-specific underlying accessible beliefs. Methods: 90 Caucasian and 94 African American undergraduate students completed a TPB questionnaire. Results: Multilevel modeling analyses indicated that ethnicity and gender interacted by moderating the relationships between exercise intention and effective β=-0.44) and instrumental βeta=0.39) attitudes. Furthermore, common and ethnic-specific underlying accessible beliefs were identified. Conclusion: When exercise interventions are developed, ethnicity and gender may need to be considered when dealing with affective and instrumental attitudes.

Keywords: ethnicity; exercise; theory of planned behavior

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2: School of Physical Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada. 3: Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA. 4: Health and Physical Education, School of Education, Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA. 5: School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA. 6: University of Alberta, Faculty of Physical Education, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Publication date: November 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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