Demographic and Psychosocial Correlates of Physical Activity Among African Americans

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Objective: To examine physical activity among participants in the Wellness for African Americans Through Churches (WATCH) project. Methods: Both focus group and survey methodologies were employed. From surveys, frequencies and metabolic equivalents (METs) were calculated for recreational, household, and occupational activity. Results: Half of respondents reported recreational activity ≥5 days per week; most reported household activity. Women had significantly lower levels of recreational and occupational, but not household activity. Recreational and occupational levels decreased with age. Conclusions: This sample appears to meet exercise guidelines. Psychosocial factors may be important for intervention in recreational, but not household or occupational activity.

Keywords: African Americans; churches; exercise; physical activity; rural

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. 2: Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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