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Beliefs of Blue-collar Workers: Stage of Readiness for Exercise

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Objective: To address a theoretical debate regarding contributions of self-efficacy and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in explaining the amount of variance in stage of readiness to exercise among blue-collar workers. Method: A validated questionnaire was used for assessment. Results: LISREL indicated that self-efficacy had the most influence on stage and TPB constructs were subjugated to self-efficacy. Univariate analyses indicated that self-efficacy and TPB variables are important for intervention. Conclusions: Self-efficacy plays a major role in explaining exercise stage among high-risk blue-collar workers, and self-efficacy and TPB constructs are important to consider in designing interventions.

Keywords: exercise; self-efficacy; stage of change; theory of planned behavior

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: School of Nursing, Purdue University 2: Health Promotion; Health Sciences; Foods and Nutrition; Nursing; Department of Health and Kinesiology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. 3: School of Public Health, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL. 4: School of Nursing, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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