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Predicting Vigorous Physical Activity Using Social Cognitive Theory

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Objective: To test Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) in predicting future vigorous physical activity among college students. Methods: College students (n=350) completed a set of instruments measuring SCT constructs. Their vigorous physical activity was tracked for 4 weeks. Results: Exercise role identity, self-regulation, outcome expectancy value, social support, self-efficacy, and positive exercise experience accounted for 27% of the variance in days of vigorous physical activity. Conclusion: The results supported the use of SCT in understanding factors associated with vigorous physical activity rates among college students.
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Keywords: college students; physical activity; social cognitive theory

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Health Promotion, Exercise Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Publication date: 2003-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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