Trend Analysis of Cigarette Smoking by Indiana Adolescents, 1991-2000
Abstract:Objectives: To examine the feasibility of using a composite index of smoking behaviors to analyze adolescent smoking. Methods: A secondary analysis of data from 10 annual surveys (1991-2000), from 566,467 Indiana students in grades 6 through 12. A composite index was calculated, and differences between index scores were analyzed using 1-way ANOVA, Tukey's post hoc tests, and 2-way moving averages. Results: Index scores increased before 1997 and decreased after 1976, with greater change among 7th through 10th graders. Conclusion: The 2-way moving average comparison of a composite index, used with prevalence-based trend analyses, provides a more complete picture of changes in adolescent cigarette smoking.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Health and Nutrition Science, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID. 2: Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN. 3: Applied Health Science and Executive Director, Indiana Prevention Resource Center, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.
Publication date: 2003-01-01
The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.
The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.
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