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School-based Obesity Prevention: A Blueprint for Taming the Epidemic

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Abstract:

Objective: To review the literature on school-based obesity prevention programs to identify what can be done to minimize the increasing levels of obesity. Methods: Twenty articles reporting school-based dietary or physical activity change programs were identified that used BMI or skinfolds as part of the evaluation. Results: Seven studies obtained change in BMI and differed from those not finding change in 3 ways: program implementers were not classroom teachers; intervention targeted middle or high schools; and inactivity reduction was promoted. Conclusions: An 8-step research strategy was delineated to develop and evaluate programs with a maximum chance of taming the obesity epidemic.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.26.6.9

Affiliations: Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Publication date: November 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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