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Impact of Activity Behaviors on Physical Activity Identity and Self-Efficacy

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Objective: To examine the relationship of level of physical activity and length of time of adherence to physical activity, with physical activity identity (PAI) and physical activity self-efficacy (PASE). Methods: In a cross-sectional design, 409 adults completed a survey assessing activity level and adherence, PAI and PASE. Results: Vigorous activity was associated with higher scores on PAI and PASE scales with activity level contributing significantly larger proportions of the variance in scores compared to adherence. Conclusion: Effort should be invested in encouraging people when beginning an exercise regimen to set a long-term goal of vigorous activity. This approach may lead to stronger identification with and self-efficacy for physical activity leading to greater adherence.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY. 2: Department of Health Education and Recreation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL.

Publication date: 2002-09-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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