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Serum Carotenoids and Clustering of Adverse Health Behaviors in American Adults

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Objective: To determine the association between clustering of adverse health behaviors (cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and sedentarism) and serum carotenoids in a representative sample of white, Black, and Hispanic Americans. Methods: Data (n=6,218) from the Third US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were utilized for this investigation. Adjusted gender-specific linear regression analyses were used. Results: Increase in clustering of adverse health behaviors was associated with decreased serum concentrations of a-carotene, b-carotene, b-cryptoxanthine, and luteine/zeaxanthene in the 3 racial/ethnic groups (P<0.05). Conclusion: Persons with multiple adverse health behaviors should be advised to increase fruit and vegetable consumption, as primary sources of chemopreventive anti-oxidants.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Community Medicine, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon GA. 2: Department of Preventive Medicine and Epidemiology, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, IL. 3: Department of Internal Medicine, Mercer University, School of Medicine, Macon, GA.

Publication date: March 1, 2002

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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