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Predicting Aerobic Versus Resistance Exercise Using the Theory of Planned Behavior

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Objective: To test the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in aerobic versus resistance training in a prospective design. Relationships between TPB variables, extroversion, and perceived health were examined. Methods: College students (210) completed an initial measurement and a 3-month follow-up assessment. Reasons for exercising were assessed. Results: TPB variables, extroversion, and perceived health collectively accounted for substantial variance in aerobic (19%) and resistance exercise (40%). Reasons for exercise included physical, psychological, and social concerns. Conclusion: Differences in the predictive validity of model constructs suggest potential differential intervention foci for aerobic versus resistance exercise.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Psychology, Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.

Publication date: March 1, 2002

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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