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Levels of Cigarette and Alcohol Use Related to Eating-disorder Attitudes

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Objective: To examine levels of cigarette and alcohol use relative to body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness in 206 black and white college women. Method: Anonymous, paper-and-pencil, self-report questionnaires were administered. Results: Frequency of both cigarette and alcohol use were significantly and linearly related to body dissatisfaction and drive for thinness. Regression analyses indicated that negative-affect reduction motivations for use of these substances were more strongly related to eating-disorder attitudes than were levels of use. Conclusions: Cigarette and alcohol use, independent of race and other demographic variables, increased along a continuum with eating-disorder attitudes.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC. 2: Health Promotion; Health Sciences; Foods and Nutrition; Nursing; Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Leisure Studies, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN. 3: Department of Nutrition, Food & Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL.

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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