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Racial Differences in Eating Disorder Attitudes, Cigarette, and Alcohol Use

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Objective: To compare eating disorder attitudes, cigarette, and alcohol use between black and white college women. Method: Four validated, self-report questionnaires were administered. Results: Black women reported significantly less substance use. However, substance use, regardless of race, was significantly related to eating disorder symptoms, and women at highest risk for an eating disorder reported the highest levels of substance use. Also significantly related to eating disorder symptoms were negative affect reduction and weight control as reasons for substance use. Conclusions: Black and white women at highest risk for an eating disorder also exhibit the greatest potential for substance use.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of South Carolina, School of Public Health, Columbia, SC. 2: Department of Nutrition, Food & Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL. 3: Department of Health, Kinesiology, and Leisure Studies, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN.

Publication date: 2001-03-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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