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Teachers' Intention to Provide Dietary Counseling in Tanzanian Primary Schools

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Objective: To explain Tanzanian teachers' intention to give dietary advice as part of school oral health education using the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Methods: Questionnaire survey performed among primary school teachers (n=232) and teacher-trainees (n=195). Results: Empirical support of the TPB was obtained in terms of multiple correlation coefficients of .63 and .67 (p<0.001) among teachers and teacher-trainees, respectively. Dietary advice intentions were primarily governed by perceived behavioral control in both groups considered. Conclusion: To encourage teachers in this endeavor, factors that facilitate successful implementation of dietary counseling should be identified and made available.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Center for International Health, Department of Odontology-Community Dentistry, Univeristy of Bergen, Bergen, Norway 2: Mbeya School of Dental Therapists, Dar Es Sallaam, Tanzania; Center for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway

Publication date: 2000-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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