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Preliminary Evaluation of a Multimedia Violence Prevention Program for Adolescents

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Objective: To evaluate the impact of a computer-based intervention (SMART Talk) containing a number of theoretically driven anger-management and conflict-resolution modules. Methods: Middle school students (N=558) were randomly assigned by academic teams to either intervention or control group and completed assessments before and after implementation. MANCOVA was used to assess differences between the 2 groups on self-awareness, attitudes toward violence, self-efficacy, intentions to use nonviolent strategies, and aggressive behavior. Results: The intervention was successful in diminishing students' beliefs supportive of violence and increasing their intentions to use nonviolent strategies. No outcome differences were found for gender, race, or eligibility for free or reduced lunch (a measure of socioeconomic status). Conclusions: Multimedia might be useful in changing some of the mediating factors associated with violence and might have the potential for changing violent behavior.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: College of Education, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 2: College of Education, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana, IL 3: Center for Adolescent Studies, School of Education, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN

Publication date: 2000-07-01

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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