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How Confident Do High School Counselors Feel in Recognizing Students at Risk for Suicide?

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Objective: To assess high school counselors' perceived self-efficacy in recognizing students at risk for suicide. Methods: A survey was completed by a random sample of 186 high school counselors. Results: Most counselors believed that it was their role to recognize students at risk for suicide and that if they did, it would reduce student suicides. However, only 1 in 3 believed they could recognize a student at risk. High efficacy-expectations scores were significantly associated with working at a high school with a crisis intervention team. Conclusion: This study suggests that school counselor training programs could devote more time to developing the skills essential to recognizing students at risk for suicide.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Health Promotion, Health Promotion and Education Program, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH. 2: Health Ed, Department of Health Promotion, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH. 3: Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Ohio, Toledo, OH.

Publication date: November 1, 1999

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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