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Key Factors That Protect Against Health Risks in Youth: Further Evidence

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Objective: To test the consistency of the findings from the Add Health project that are related to the primary protective/risk factors in adolescents. Methods: Statistical analysis strategies that were similar to the Add Health project were applied to data collected from a representative sample of high school students in a suburban district in the southeast United States. Results: Findings related to family and school contexts, and individual characteristics generally supported those in the Add Health report. Conclusion: Although factors in the larger society may influence health-related behaviors, the importance of parents and schools should not be underestimated. Both play an important role in “immunizing” young people from high risks.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, University of Georgia, Athens, GA. 2: Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Mailstop E-45, Atlanta, GA. 3: University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Publication date: September 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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