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Comparison of Rated and Ranked Health and Lifestyle Values

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Objective: Values are typically ranked; however, ratings have desirable administrative and statistical properties. The purpose of the present study was to determine the better format to measure health and lifestyle values: traditional ranking or Likert-type rating. Methods: Psychometric properties of the two survey formats were compared on a sample of 183 first-year university students. Results: The ranking format had higher one-week test-retest reliabilities than did ratings (median .66 vs .60) but consistently lower validities when compared to self-report health behaviors. Conclusion: Results: from the present study suggest that a rating format for health and lifestyle value items should be used.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. 2: Pschology Department, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Publication date: September 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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