Skip to main content

Self-efficacy, Outcome Expectancy, Dental Health Value, and Dental Plaque

Buy Article:

$39.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Objective: This study measured the independent contributions of self-efficacy, outcome expectations, and dental health value in predicting an objective measure of preventive oral hygiene behavior, dental plaque. Methods: One hundred forty-eight subjects completed study measures and then had their dental plaque levels measured. Results: Structural equation modeling revealed that self-efficacy for flossing significantly predicted plaque levels but self-efficacy for brushing, outcome expectations, and dental value did not. Conclusion: Results supported Bandura's belief that self-efficacy for specific behavior can predict outcomes of that behavior, and outcome expectations and value beliefs do not play an independent role in explaining behavior.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Dental Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Outpatient Clinic, Los Angeles, CA. 2: Psychology Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Outpatient Clinic, Los Angeles, CA.

Publication date: July 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Review Board
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more